Rest, ice, heat, stretching and physical therapy are all common cures for shoulder joint pain, according to About.com. Over-the-counter medications and cortisone injections may also be given to treat the pain associated with a damaged shoulder joint.
Most doctors recommend resting the shoulder as the first type of treatment for pain in the joint, claims About.com. This allows the inflammation to subside. However, some motion every day is recommended to avoid a frozen shoulder. In addition to rest, ice and heat applications often help to ease the pain. Since it is important to move the shoulder joint to keep it mobile, stretching and physical therapy are also commonly recommended. In many cases, a doctor recommends stretches for a patient to do, but a physical therapist may also work with a patient to ensure proper rehabilitation of the shoulder joint.
Over-the-counter medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory pain medications, are often suggested for those suffering from shoulder pain, explains About.com. If these don't work, prescription medications may be prescribed by a doctor. These medications are most often given to those who have pain associated with arthritis, tendonitis or bursitis. Some patients may also benefit from a cortisone injection into the joint. This is a strong medication that helps to combat inflammation.