Psychosis among the elderly is fairly common, and is generally treated with antipsychotic medications, according to the PsychiatryOnline. Both conventional and atypical antipsychotic medications are used in treatment regimens. Reminiscence therapy, social interaction and an active lifestyle help relieve psychological symptoms of dementia, states the Alzheimer's Society.
It is important to note that psychological symptoms associated with dementia often go into remission without the use of medications, in less than four weeks, according to the Alzheimer's Society. However, without medicinal treatment, psychotic symptoms in the elderly can lead to a higher likelihood of death, notes PsychaitryOnline.
While it is clear that there are benefits to using antipsychotic medications to treat psychotic dementia, there are also problems associated with the use of antipsychotic medications among the elderly. One of the primary issues is that the medications may only mask the symptoms, instead or fixing the underlying cause of the symptoms, states the Crisis Prevention Institute. Some antipsychotic medications also carry a Food and Drug Administration black box warning, meaning that patients using the medications may be at a higher risk of mortality. However, this is likely related to the psychiatric symptoms, as opposed to the medications, according to PsychiatryOnline.
Additionally, aromatherapy, talk therapy, animal therapy and music therapy are used to treat psychological symptoms in dementia patients, notes the Alzheimer's Society.