Treatment of prostate cancer can include surgery, radiation therapy, cryosurgery, hormone therapy chemotherapy, vaccine treatment or bone-directed treatment. Watchful waiting or expectant management is sometimes also part of a treatment plan for prostate cancer, according to the American Cancer Society.Continue Reading
There are a number of factors that must be taken into consideration when devising a prostate cancer treatment plan. The patient's age and expected life span are important considerations as are any other serious health problems the patient is experiencing. The likelihood of success for the treatment should also be taken into account along with the potential side effects of treatment, according to the American Cancer Society.
The stage and grade of the cancer generally determines which treatments are the most effective. The prognosis for prostate cancer that has not yet spread is quite good with nearly 100 percent of those diagnosed living for at least five years after the initial diagnosis. For about 5 percent of men diagnosed with prostate cancer, the cancer has spread to distant points in the body, and the prognosis is much grimmer with the five-year survival rate falling to just 29 percent. Overall survival rates for prostate cancer are around 98 percent, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center.Learn more about Cancer