Depending upon a patient's age and general health, an oral yeast infection, or thrush, is treated with lozenges, mouth rinse, or oral or intravenous drugs, states Healthline. Treatment sometimes includes using a soft toothbrush, avoiding mouthwashes, rinsing with hydrogen peroxide or salt water solution, and consuming acidophilus through yogurt or pills.
Healthy children and adults can use lozenges, tablets or mouth rinses to treat thrush. A clotrimazole lozenge is allowed to dissolve in the mouth, Healthline advises. Nystatin is a special rinse patients swirl inside their mouths and swallow. Fluconazole and itraconazole are oral medications typically used by patients with HIV or AIDS.
Patients with infections that are not affected by other treatments are sometimes given fluconazole or itraconazole. Amphotericin B, an oral or intravenous drug, is also used when thrush does not respond to more common medications. However, this drug sometimes has serious side effects. These include bloody vomit, vision and heartbeat changes, seizures and loss of consciousness, says MedlinePlus.
Babies and nursing mothers are treated together to try to avoid the recurrence of infection. Babies receive medication while mothers get antifungal cream for their breasts. In addition, pacifiers, bottle nipples and breast pump components are rinsed in a vinegar and water solution. Breastfeeding mothers are also instructed to use nursing pads to keep the infection from being transferred to their clothing.