Bowel obstructions are treated rather than cured, depending on what caused the obstruction. They are caused by physical conditions that prevent stool from moving through the intestines, explains the National Cancer Institute. Bowel obstructions occur when something other than fecal matter blocks the large or small intestine.
Bowel obstructions can be caused by tumors, by a twisting of the intestines that blocks the movement of stool, or by a narrowing of the intestines due to surgery, hernias or inflammation, states the National Cancer Institute. Certain conditions can affect the muscles of the intestines by causing paralysis or reducing and changing the blood supply to them.
Treatments for acute bowel obstructions include blood transfusions, fluid replacement therapy to bring the fluids in the body back to the normal amount and electrolyte correction to adjust the body's chemicals into correct balance, according to the National Cancer Institute. Surgery and the insertion of a tube into the stomach or colon to reduce pressure or swelling are also common treatments.
Typical treatments for chronic bowel obstructions include surgery to remove the obstruction and the insertion of a stent to open the intestinal space or a gastronomy tube to allow liquids and medications to be delivered directly into the stomach, explains The National Cancer Institute,. Medications may also help by reducing pain or nausea and by keeping the intestines empty.