People with high uric acid levels should eat foods low in purines, the substances that elevate uric acid, and possibly take uricosuric drugs or xanthine oxidase inhibitors to slow the absorption of urate. This allows the kidneys to flush uric acid from the system, notes the Scott Hamilton CARES Initiative.
Foods that are low in purines include peanut butter, nuts, fruits, cream soups that do not have meat stock, green vegetables, tomatoes, low-fat diary products, eggs, and refined cereals. Keeping well hydrated by drinking at least 2 liters of water each day also cuts down on uric acid in the bloodstream. Alcohol and caffeine can lead to issues with uric acid levels, as stated by the Scott Hamilton CARES Initiative.
Medical treatments that help reduce uric acid levels include uricosuric drugs. Probenecid and sulfinpyrazone are two examples of these medicines, which block reabsorption of urate. Instead of uric acid forming into urate crystals, the acid gets processed with waste and eliminated from the body as urine. Xanthine oxidase inhibitors, such as allopurinol, keep people with high uric acid levels from suffering outbreaks of gout, according to the Scott Hamilton CARES Initiative. Gout occurs when uric acid forms urate crystals, and those crystals lodge in joints and surrounding tissues. In many cases, diet changes alone can lower uric acid levels, but people suffering from gout symptoms such as pain and swelling in joints, particularly the big toe, should talk to their physician about adding a medical approach.