Surgery, stretching exercises, physical therapy, and shoe inserts or orthotic devices can treat a heel spur, according to WebMD. Wearing a shoe that appropriately fits the foot can also help in relieving pain caused by a heel spur. Individuals should only consider undergoing surgery if conservative treatments fail to alleviate symptoms.
Surgery for a heel spur involves removing the spur and relaxing the plantar fascia, as noted by WebMD. The surgeon may recommend resting, compressing and raising the operated foot after surgery. Pain due to a heel spur may aggravate after a night sleep or a prolonged rest due to stretching and pulling of plantar fascitis. Moderate walking may help alleviate the pain.
Over-the-counter drugs can also reduce symptoms of heel spurs, as stated by WebMD. These medications include acetaminophen, ibuprofen and naproxen. A corticosteroid injection can be used to reduce inflammation and pain in the affected area. A person who suffers from heel spurs can tap his muscles to rest them, which helps to alleviate unpleasant symptoms.
Obese individuals should consider shedding excessive weight in order to prevent heel spurs, as recommended by WebMD. Heel spurs can also be prevented by wearing shoes with absorbent soles, rigid shanks and supportive heels.