Colgate explains that gingivitis, if detected in its early stages, can be reversed with a professional dental treatment in which a dentist or hygienist utilizes a professional scaling tool to remove built-up plaque and tartar. Recurrence of the condition can often be prevented by proper oral hygiene habits such as brushing twice a day and flossing on a daily basis.
According to WebMD, gingivitis is an early warning sign of gum disease. Symptoms of gingivitis include swollen gums, gums that bleed easily when flossed, foul breath and oral sores. While gingivitis can cause the gums to bleed, the condition is usually not painful in its early stages. Gingivitis is caused by a build-up of bacteria on the teeth and below the gum line. While anyone can experience symptoms of gingivitis, smokers, individuals with diabetes and pregnant women tend to be at a higher risk for developing the condition.
Mayo Clinic explains that untreated gingivitis can lead to periodontitis, a severe infection of the gums that can travel to the underlying jaw bones. Periodontitis causes complications such as tooth loss and raises the risk of heart attacks and strokes in certain individuals. Mayo Clinic also explains that symptoms of periodontitis include loose teeth, bad breath, pus on the gums and a foul taste in the mouth.