Treatments for epididymitis include taking prescription antibiotics and surgery, as Mayo Clinic reports. Medications that reduce pain, rest and cold compresses may also help relieve the symptoms of epididymitis, which is the inflammation of the epididymis.
Antibiotics help treat epididymitis that occurs as a result of bacterial infection, as Mayo Clinic explains. The medications may also counter epididymo-orchitis, which is the inflammation of the testicles. Surgery may be necessary if an abscess forms in the epididymis or the condition develops from an underlying condition. Wearing an athletic strap to protect the scrotum and lying down to raise the scrotum may help reduce the occurrence or severity of symptoms.
A physical and rectal examination may help diagnose the condition, as Mayo Clinic details. Blood tests, urine tests and tests that reveal sexually transmitted infections help provide the data necessary for a diagnosis. The signs and symptoms of the condition include pain, tenderness, redness and swelling of the scrotum. Other symptoms include bloody semen, discharge from the penis, painful ejaculation and painful intercourse. A person who experiences pain in the scrotum, painful urination or penis discharge should contact a doctor.
Causes of epididymitis include sexually transmitted infections and physical trauma. In rare cases, tuberculosis can also cause the condition, according to Mayo Clinic. The condition may also occur when urine flows back into the convoluted duct. Practicing safe sex is one way to help prevent the problem from occurring.