There is no cure for dyslipidemias, but there are treatments available to reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke and other complications, explains WebMD. Dyslipidemia refers to elevated cholesterol levels, elevated triglyceride levels or both, as defined by the Merck Manual Professional Edition.
Dyslipidemias are classified as either primary or secondary, explains the Merck Manual Professional Edition. Defects in the genes responsible for regulating cholesterol and triglyceride levels cause primary dyslipidemias. Diseases such as diabetes, hypothyroidism and kidney disease cause secondary dyslipidemias. People with secondary dyslipidemias may need to lose weight, exercise more often, change their diets or take medications to manage their cholesterol levels.