No cure exists for Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes as of 2015, but in October 2014, Harvard University scientists reported they discovered how to produce millions of cells that manufacture the insulin Type 1 diabetics need, states the Harvard Gazette. Harvard professor Doug Melton is the research project leader.
The cells, originated from stem cells, are undergoing animal testing and are still producing insulin, according to the Harvard Gazette. About 3 million Americans are Type 1 diabetics. Individuals with Type 1 diabetes have an immune system disorder that prevents their pancreas from manufacturing the hormone insulin, which is essential to maintain the body's proper blood glucose levels. Professor Melton's son, who was born with Type 1 diabetes, inspired his father to begin his research over 23 years ago.