There is no cure for heart failure, but the condition can be controlled and managed to decrease its progression, as stated by WebMD. Lifestyle modification and medications are used in combination with close monitoring to keep symptoms under control.
The primary objective for treating heart failure is to decrease the progression of the disease and reduce the need for hospitalization due to symptoms and the overall risk of death from the condition. Treatment can also lessen symptoms and improve the quality of life for the sufferer.
Usual treatments for congestive heart failure in its beginning stages include monitoring sodium intake, treatment of hypertension and lipid disorders, weight loss, smoking cessation, and discontinuation of alcohol consumption or use of illegal drugs.
An ACE inhibitor or angiotensin II receptor blocker is oftentimes prescribed for the treatment of vascular or cardiac problems or for those with coronary artery disease, high blood pressure or diabetes. Sometimes, beta blockers are prescribed for control of hypertension or if there is the patient has a history of heart attacks.
In its more advanced stages, surgical options to repair or replace damaged heart valves may be discussed. A defibrillator or ICD may also be implanted to help the heart work more efficiently. Advanced stages of heart failure may require continual infusion of inotropic drugs and surgical interventions.
Some lifestyle changes that help heart failure patients feel better include not smoking, staying active, lowering cholesterol and losing weight if overweight, according to MedlinePlus.