As of 2015, there is no cure for cirrhosis and no way to repair existing liver scarring, according to WebMD. Lifestyle changes and medications can help prevent future damage to the liver and reduce the likelihood of complications, explains the American Liver Foundation. Some cirrhosis patients experience liver failure and require a liver transplant.
To manage cirrhosis and avoid complications, patients should stop drinking alcohol, eat a low-sodium diet, and get immunized against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, pneumococcus and influenza, advises WebMD. It's also important to note that over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen, naproxen and aspirin can increase the risk of bleeding and liver damage. To prevent the spread of the disease, cirrhosis sufferers should avoid sharing personal items, such as toothbrushes, needles or razors, notes the American Liver Foundation.
Complications associated with cirrhosis include easy bruising and bleeding, jaundice, gallstones and fluid accumulation in the stomach, explains the American Liver Foundation. If the liver becomes unable to filter toxins from the bloodstream, encephalopathy may occur, resulting in impaired mental functioning, states WebMD.
In its early stages, cirrhosis typically causes no symptoms, according to the American Liver Foundation. As the disease progresses, symptoms may include loss of appetite, weight loss, nausea, abdominal pain and the development of spider-like blood vessels.