Most cases of vertigo resolve within a few hours to a few days, states Drugs.com. To treat benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, a doctor may maneuver a patient's head and body to relocate small free-floating crystals that are in the ear's sensing tube. The movement series is called the Epley maneuver.
The Epley maneuver is typically performed on the examining table in the doctor's office. The doctor may provide specific maneuvers for a patient to perform at home. Other treatments include bed rest or prescription medications to reduce inner ear activity, such as promethazine, meclizine and dimenhydrinate. A doctor may prescribe anticholinergic medications such as scopolamine or diazepam, a tranquilizer, depending on the cause and duration of the vertigo symptoms, notes Drugs.com.