The inclusion criteria for liver transplant candidates are presence of end-stage disease, limited life expectancy due to liver dysfunction, no therapy other than transplantation offers liver function improvement or extension of life and expected compliance with medical regimens. Beyond the physical criteria, the patient needs solid support systems prior to and during the surgery and a commitment to post transplant treatment regimes, according to Vanderbilt University Medical School.Continue Reading
Cirrhosis (scarring of the liver) is the most common reason for liver transplants. Other common reasons for transplants include chronic hepatitis B and C, bile duct and genetic diseases and primary liver cancer, according to American Liver Foundation. Liver transplants require that the donor's body size and blood type match that of the transplant recipient. Doctors perform more than 6,000 liver transplants each year in the United States. The surgery lasts between four and 12 hours; patients stay in the hospital for up to three weeks after surgery.
Livers are donated by living and nonliving donors. Living donors donate a part of their livers. The donated part and the remaining part of the donor’s liver grow to the size the body needs in weeks. Most donated livers come from people who recently died and had no liver injury, according to American Liver Foundation.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
A liver transplant involves surgically removing a healthy liver or portion of a liver from a donor, cutting an incision in the recipient's abdomen to access the damaged liver, detaching the damaged liver from the bile ducts and blood supply, placing the donor's liver in the recipient, reconnecting the new liver to the bile ducts and blood supply, and stitching the incision, according to Mayo Clinic. A surgeon performs a liver transplant while the patient is under general anesthesia.Full Answer >
Vacuum therapy, orVT,is anon-invasive, drug-freetreatment for erectile dysfunction,orED, whichuses negative pressure to allow increased blood flow to the male organ by engorging the penile blood vessels, according to a study published in 2010 in the International Journal of Impotence Research. Based on how it isapplied, VT can be categorized into two types: vacuum constriction device, or VCD and vacuum erectile device, or VED.Full Answer >
Reviews for Pos-T-Vac reflect both positive and negative opinions from purchasers of the vacuum therapy system for erectile dysfunction. More than half of the reviews on Amazon.com are favorable, with buyers noting that the therapy produces successful erectile function, is more effective than pills and is easy to use. Others point out negatives of the product, noting that, for them, it did not produce successful erectile function, that the tube is too small, and that it causes pain or discomfort.Full Answer >
Various criteria affect the likelihood of qualifying for a kidney transplant, such as having end-stage renal disease, heart disease or cancer, according to the University of California San Francisco Medical Center. Other criteria, such as blood type and antibodies, affect who receives what kidney when one becomes available.Full Answer >