Poor posture when sitting causes back pain, according to UCLA Health. Ways to reduce pain include adopting better posture, moving around every half an hour and using lower back support.
Sitting for prolonged periods of time causes increased stress on the back, UCLA Health states. Additionally, slouching while sitting stretches the spinal ligaments and can damage spinal discs. To prevent this happening, workers should adjust their chair height so their elbows are at a 90-degree angle while working. In addition, workers should use a pillow to support their lower back and prevent themselves from slumping. Moving around for one to two minutes every 30 minutes is also helpful.
As sitting increases pressure on the back, those without lower back support should use chairs with straight backs, states the University of Maryland Medical Center. Twisting at the waist increases back injuries and pain, so workers should ideally use swivel chairs. Driving while sitting forces drivers to lean forward and strain their backs, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Therefore, drivers should move their seats forward and avoid reclines of more than 30 degrees.
Those suffering from acute lower back pain should avoid sitting as much as possible, notes Missouri University. When using a chair, it's essential to avoid bending at the waist when standing up.