Ways of controlling stomach bloating include avoiding foods that cause bloating, chewing food well, eating slowly and avoiding constipation, states WebMD. Eating smaller meals more often, incorporating gassy vegetables and beans slowly into the diet, and not overdoing carbonated drinks or chewing gum also help to control bloating.
Too little fiber, physical activity and fluids can cause constipation and bloating, according to WebMD. A person should eat foods high in fiber, such as whole grains, nuts, vegetables, seeds and legumes, in order to control bloating.
People who eat quickly or don’t chew food well swallow air, which often causes stomach bloating. To reduce bloating, people should drink water flavored with lime, cucumber or lemon instead of fizzy drinks, advises WebMD. People with gum habits should alternate chewing gum with high-fiber snacks.
Individuals should reduce the intake of artificially sweetened drinks and foods because they can cause bloating, notes WebMD. Limiting intake of sodium also helps. Therefore, people should look for low-sodium labels in processed foods. Also avoid cruciferous vegetables such as cauliflower, Brussels sprouts and broccoli. Eating five to six small meals a day helps to control bloating because large meals often cause a bloated feeling.
Studies suggest that anti-bloating drinks and foods, such as yogurt, peppermint tea, pineapple and ginger, contain healthy bacteria that help to reduce bloating, according to WebMD.