Managing diabetes involves knowing the factors that affect blood glucose levels and controlling those factors on a day-to-day basis, according to Mayo Clinic. Even when the diabetic keeps control of the factors affecting his blood sugar levels, he sometimes experiences surprises.
Diabetics must learn how certain foods affect their body, according to Mayo Clinic. The type of food the individual consumes, the amount he eats and the food combinations he chooses all affect his blood glucose levels. Diabetic control depends on balanced meals that are coordinated with taking medication and activity levels.
Losing 10 pounds helps Type 2 diabetics manage their blood glucose. For some, reaching this goal requires learning portion control, notes WebMD. They must consider the calories per serving and measure each serving. Monitoring blood sugar helps to keep the disease in control. Monitoring helps the individual to know if his lifestyle changes are affecting his control of the disease. Proper monitoring involves taking the sugar at different times of the day to know what happens in response to other actions.
Tight control of the disease is a lifesaver for some diabetics, according to the American Diabetes Association. Tight control involves keeping blood sugar levels in the 70 to 130 range prior to meals and below 180 two hours after starting the meal. For diabetics who use insulin, tight control may require multiple injections daily or use of an insulin pump.