To control high blood pressure, reduce your sodium intake and alcohol consumption, consume heart-healthy meals, drink lots of water, and keep a healthy body weight, suggests MedlinePlus. Your doctor may prescribe appropriate blood pressure medications and monitor your progress.
The recommended daily sodium intake for people with high blood pressure is less than 1,500 milligrams, states MedlinePlus. Women should drink only one glass of any alcohol drink each day, while men should limit their alcohol consumption to two glasses per day. Add sufficient amounts of fiber and potassium to your diet. Moreover, start a good exercise regimen involving moderate aerobic exercise, preferably for at least 30 minutes daily.
Quitting smoking, managing stress, and relaxing the body and mind through yoga or meditation are also lifestyle changes that help control blood pressure, notes MedlinePlus. Consult your doctor about the right programs that can help you lose weight or stop smoking.
A blood pressure reading consists of the systolic blood pressure number, which is generally too high if it reaches 140 or above, and the diastolic blood pressure number, which is very high if it reaches 90 or above, explains MedlinePlus. For patients with diabetes, heart conditions or kidney problems or who previously suffered a stroke, the typical blood pressure targets are below 130 to 140 over 80 millimeters of mercury.