A person can control bleeding from a tongue bite by squeezing or pressing the bleeding site with gauze or a piece of clean cloth, WebMD recommends. Before attempting to stop the bleeding, it is important to wash the hands properly with soap and water. Moreover, it is advisable to use medical gloves when applying pressure to the tongue wound.
WebMD suggests that if gloves are not available, numerous layers of fabric, plastic bags or any clean material be used between the hands and the wound. If there is no available clean cloth or material to use, bare hands can be used as a last resort.
If bleeding does not stop, direct pressure must be continued while getting immediate medical help. Shawn Watson of About.com states that over-the-counter pain relief medication can be taken to lessen discomfort. It is essential to keep the wound clean and prevent any further injury.
Dr. Gretchen S. Lent explained in an article published on Medscape that because the tongue has a generous blood supply, most tongue lacerations heal well without surgery and do not become infected. Tongue laceration repair is performed when necessary to preserve mobility, minimize complications, optimize articulation and achieve sufficient closure.
Hemophilia of Georgia mentions that a suggested preventive measure to avoid biting the tongue is to minimize chewing all the time, especially chewing gum.