Constipation treatment may include increasing fluids and bulking up dietary fiber within the diet, according to WebMD. Medications such as stool softeners and laxatives may also work as treatment options when monitored by a physician.
Adding fiber and wheat bran to the diet can increase the rate the stools move through the bowels, especially when at least eight glasses of liquid or water are consumed each day, according to WebMD. Foods such as vegetables, fresh fruits, beans and bran can help with constipation. Foods low in fiber and high in fat, such as dairy products and processed foods, should be avoided when constipated.
Treatment for constipation may also include adopting a consistent bathroom routine, according to WebMD. Try and go to the bathroom at the same time each morning and after each meal, as the body's urge to go to the bathroom increases after each meal. Avoid ignoring any urges to go. When stool stays in the bowel for long time durations, it adopts a harder texture that is more difficult to expel.
Laxatives are typically a last resort treatment option as patients must only take these medications for a short period of time and under the care of a physician, according to WebMD. Bulk-forming laxatives are taken daily and often serve as a fiber supplement to soften stool. Lubricant laxatives are designed to coat stool to make it slippery and easier to pass through the colon.