Conditions that may require a person to undergo a microalbumin test include diabetes, kidney disease, high blood pressure, rare cancers, immune disorders and genetic cancers. This test is usually carried out to determine the presence of a protein known as albumin in the urine. The test usually helps to detect early signs of a kidney damage, as stated by WebMD.
Early detection of the signs usually helps to change the treatment approach in an effort to save the remaining working part of the kidney. Diabetics usually have a higher risk of suffering from kidney damage due to scarring of the nephrons. The damage to the kidney can occur before the initial signs of diabetes appear. Therefore, diabetics need to have tests each year to figure out any kidney problems. Patients experiencing hypertension may also need regular microalbumin tests. This test does not require any prepping, as stated by MedlinePlus.
The test involves collecting a sample of urine 4 or 24 hours before the test, depending on a doctor's recommendations. The doctor provides a special container to store the urine. A patient should ensure there there is no any foreign object in the sample, such as pubic hair, stool or menstrual blood, as stated by WebMD. Creatinine level may also be measured during the test to ensure accurate results.