Omeprazole is used to treat ulcers, frequent heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux disease, states MedlinePlus. The drug works by reducing the amount of acid produced in the stomach.Continue Reading
Excess stomach acid irritates the esophagus and causes esophageal inflammation, according to Harvard Medical School. Reducing the amount of acid in the stomach eases the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease by preventing acid from backing up into the esophagus.
Potential side effects of omeprazole include nausea, gas, vomiting, headache and constipation, states MedlinePlus. In some people, the side effects are more serious. Anyone who experiences trouble breathing, pounding heartbeat, seizures or muscle spasms should call 911 or seek medical attention right away. Hives, itching and swelling of the face, lips, throat or mouth may indicate an allergic reaction to omeprazole. Although omeprazole is generally considered safe, long-term use of the drug may lead to an increased risk for fractures. It is possible to overdose on omeprazole by taking more than the prescribed dose. Symptoms of overdose include blurred vision, fast heartbeat, sweating, flushing and confusion.
People taking the blood-thinning medication clopidogrel should not take omeprazole, recommends the FDA. Omeprazole inhibits the action of the enzyme necessary to convert clopidogrel to its active form. If a person takes both drugs at the same time, the omeprazole could reduce the anti-clotting effects of clopidogrel significantly.Learn more about Medications & Vitamins