Conditions that can cause urinary burning include urinary tract infections, prostatitis and gonorrhea, according to Healthline. Prostatitis is the main cause of urinary burning in men, and burning is a common sign of a urinary tract infection in both sexes.
Urinary tract infections occurs when bacteria, viruses or fungi infect any part of the urinary tract, notes Healthline. Factors that increase the risk of this condition include an enlarged prostate, poor bathroom hygiene, kidney stones and the use of condoms. In addition to burning during urination, patients with urinary tract infections experience cloudy urine, pelvic pain and strong urine odor. Doctors diagnose urinary tract infections by ordering urine and blood tests to detect abnormal blood count levels.
Prostatitis occurs when the prostate gland swells, often as a result of a bacterial infection, explains MedlinePlus. Men who have sexually transmitted diseases or problems with the prostate are at risk of developing this condition, which leads to symptoms such as chills, fever, blood in the urine and pain with urination. Prostatitis is diagnosed through a physical exam, which checks for tender lymph nodes in the groin, and a digital rectal exam to analyze the prostate.
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease that is transferred through sex with an infected person, according to Cleveland Clinic. In addition to pain during urination, women with the condition experience unusual vaginal discharge and bleeding between periods, and men experience unusual discharge from the penis. Doctors diagnose gonorrhea by analyzing the discharge.