A compounded IV admixture is a solution of sterile substances prepared by a certified pharmacy technician for the purpose of administration to a patient through an intravenous route. Compounding is a way to create a medication that may be unavailable or in short supply. It is also a way to create a unique medication that is used for a small population of patients.Continue Reading
The Institute for Safe Medication Practices releases safety guidelines for the preparation of compounded IV admixtures to prevent medication errors. In a 2011 study, the group noted a 9 percent error rate in the compounding of IV admixtures. This translates to one out of every 10 solutions compounded incorrectly and administered to a patient.
Guidelines for the compounding of IV admixtures are crucial to maintain the safety of patients in a hospital setting. Such guidelines include limiting the number of admixtures necessary for compounding, maximizing automation of compounding, using bar code identification systems to accurately select the correct substance, standardizing an effective auditing process and disposing of any IV admixture about which there are safety concerns. These improvement strategies should be integrated into any hospital pharmacy safety program in order to ensure safe compounding and delivery of IV admixtures.Learn more about Medications & Vitamins
It takes anywhere from five to 10 days for the body to eliminate approximately 99 percent of Remeron, also known as mirtazapine, after oral administration, states RxList. The variance in this number is attributable to gender, age and ethnicity, with women consistently taking longer to flush Remeron from their systems.Full Answer >
Depending on the age of the patient and any pre-existing conditions, such as liver disease or renal disease, Focalin XR (dexmethylphenidate hydrochloride) can last up to 12 hours after administration, according to its manufacturer, Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation. On average, after 12 hours, its plasma concentration decreases to sub-therapeutic levels.Full Answer >
Within one to three hours after administration, half the dose of Tamiflu, or oseltamivir, is excreted from the body, notes Drugs.com. Oseltamivir is also converted to oseltamivir carboxylate, which remains in the body longer with a half-life of six to 10 hours. Tamiflu is primarily eliminated through the kidneys.Full Answer >
Oral and intravenous administration of L-carnitine is likely safe for most people, although, as of 2015, there is insufficient clinical proof to suggest that this supplement positively impacts weight loss. L-carnitine should be taken under the guidance of a physician, suggests WebMD.Full Answer >