Common complications of cataract operations include eye infection, inflammation or swelling in the eye nerve and cornea, altered eye pressure and detachment of retina. Complications that can occur a few months after operation include glare issues, dislocation of the intraocular lens, glaucoma and poor vision, states WebMD. Sometimes, the patient may experience posterior capsular opacification, reports MedicineNet.
The possibility of complications of cataract surgery occurring increases in patients who suffer from other diseases of the eye along with cataract. The surgery complications may lead to partial or complete loss of vision, explains WebMD. Hence, meticulous follow-up post surgery is necessary, states MedicineNet.com.
Cataract surgery complications that can occur with the procedure include bleeding from the front portion of the eye or hyphema and fluid accumulation in the nerve layer that leads to swelling, states WebMD. Sometimes, there is injury to the bag in which the lens sits, in which case the artificial lens is relocated. If the intraocular lens is dislocated, it may be taken out, positioned again or exchanged, says MedicineNet.
A few months or years after operation, strabismus or astigmatism may occur and the patient may experience ptosis or upper eyelid sagging, reports WebMD. Posterior capsular opacification refers to clouding of the lens capsule that leads to blurred vision. Normally, laser surgery is performed to correct the condition and improve vision, explains MedicineNet.