The most common complication of bladder surgery is trouble urinating, according to WebMD. Others include bladder spasms, blood clots, overactive bladder, bleeding and vaginal prolapse. The effects of the surgery do not last forever, but the symptoms can reappear over time, possibly after five years.
The success rate for bladder suspension surgery ranges between 85 to 90 percent, states WebMD. The success of bladder surgery depends on the activities following a surgery, the period of stress incontinence, age, and other surgeries that a person has had. Conditions that improve the chances of complications include older age, obesity, poor nutrition, radiation therapy and low estrogen levels.