NSAIDs, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, include medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen sodium and magnesium salicylate, according to MedicineNet . These drugs are common active ingredients in pain relief medications such as Excedrin, Advil, Aleve and Bayer Select.Continue Reading
According to the FDA and MedicineNet, NSAIDs are commonly available over the counter as well as frequently prescribed by physicians, depending on the medication and dosage. Certain medications can be purchased at a drugstore, such as aspirin (Bayer, Excedrin), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) and naproxen sodium (Aleve). In addition, certain drugs such as diclofenac (Voltaren), oxaprozin (Daypro) and celecoxib (Celebrex) are available by doctor's prescription only. Some NSAID brands have been discontinued from sale in the United States, such as sulindac (Clinoril), nabumetone (Relafen) and ketorolac (Toradol). Certain NSAIDs in use in the European Union have not been FDA approved, these include Etoricoxib (Arcoxia) and Parecoxib (Dynastat).
NSAIDs are used to relieve pain and reduce fever, and are used to combat the symptoms of the common cold, the flu, migraine headaches, menstrual pain, toothache and arthritis, as stated by the FDA. They work by blocking prostaglandins, the body's natural promoters of inflammation, pain and fever. Common side effects of NSAIDs include nausea, stomach pain, heartburn and diarrhea.Learn more about Medications & Vitamins