What Are Some Commonly Used Tranquilizers?


Quick Answer

Some commonly used minor tranquilizers are Valium, Xanax, Ativan, ProSom and Halcion, explains the Institute for Substance Abuse Treatment Evaluation. Some major tranquilizers, also known as neuroleptics or antipsychotic drugs, include Clozaril, Risperdal and Abilify, as noted by MedicineNet.com.

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Full Answer

Doctors commonly prescribe minor tranquilizers to treat anxiety or sleep disorders, while major tranquilizers are useful in the treatment of severe mental illnesses, states ISATE. Doctors also sometimes use major tranquilizers to sedate patients before surgery or other medical procedures. Frequent use of tranquilizers can lead to physical or psychological dependence. Substance abuse of major tranquilizers is rare, but abuse of minor tranquilizers is common.

Symptoms of tranquilizer abuse include memory loss, pupil dilation, dizziness, fatigue and aggressive tendencies, as stated by the Massachusetts Executive Office of Health and Human Services. Some other signs include suicidal thoughts, agitation, headaches, poor coordination and slurred speech. Because tranquilizers depress the central nervous system, they cause the brain to function at a slower rate and may slow breathing rates or cause a drop in blood pressure. Misuse of tranquilizers can result in overdose or death, especially when people drink alcohol while taking them. Seizures are another risk if patients suddenly stop taking the drugs.

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