Common medications used to treat vertigo include antibiotics, steroids, prochlorperazine and some antihistamines. Some cases of vertigo clear up on their own without treatment, states NHS Choices. Vertigo caused by an injury to the brain or a tumor requires treatment of the underlying issue to clear up.
Patients suffering from Ménière's disease experience repeated episodes of vertigo for months, or even years. In such cases, a doctor may prescribe diuretics to prevent pressure from fluid buildup. Vestibular rehabilitation training may also benefit vertigo patients, notes NHS Choices.
Self-care measures, such as avoiding bending down, moving the head carefully and doing simple exercises, are helpful. Some cases may require surgery, according to WebMD.