What are some commonly prescribed RX pain medications?


Quick Answer

Some commonly prescribed RX pain medications are opioids such as oxycodone, morphine, hydrocodone and fentanyl, says RxList. Others are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, or NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen, naproxen, mefanamic acid, tolmetin and sulindac. Corticosteroids for pain include cortisone, prednisone and triamcinolone.

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Full Answer

Other medications for pain relief are muscle relaxants such as baclofen, dantrolene, metaxalone, tizanidine and methocarbamol, claims RxList. Anti-anxiety medications are also taken for pain as are antidepressants. The anti-anxiety drugs include lorazepam, diazepam and alprazolam, while antidepressants are bupropion, desipramine, venlafaxine and amitriptyline.

Opioids work by latching to receptors in the central nervous system and change pain signals sent to the brain, states RxList. NSAIDs help to reduce inflammation that leads to pain. Corticosteroids also reduce inflammation and ease the pain of sports injuries. Doctors often inject these drugs directly into the injured muscle. Muscle relaxants help soothe tense muscles that may be the source of pain, and anti-anxiety medications also help relax tense muscles and help the user to better endure their pain. Since some anti-depressants also act on the central nervous system, they may also directly relieve pain.

Anticonvulsants also ease pain, claims RxList. These drugs include clonazepam, tiagabine, gabapentin and pregabalin. Doctors believe that these drugs help ease pain and quiet the nerves involved in convulsions.

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