Common problems related to the stomach include peptic ulcers, reflux, gallstones, lactose intolerance, inflammatory bowel disease, constipation and diverticulitis. Dealing with some of these is as easy as making lifestyle changes and taking over-the-counter medication, according to the Chicago Tribune.
Reflux is predominantly characterized by heartburn, which is a leading sign of stomach problems. Besides being painful, it can cause harm to the esophagus and even cause cancer. Heartburn involves a burning feeling that rises from the abdomen up to the chest below the breastbone. It can also lead to a sour taste in the mouth or hypersalivation among other symptoms, according to the Chicago Tribune.
If they experience pain in the stomach, patients need to consider the possibility of peptic ulcers. Additionally, taking painkillers such as aspirin on a stomach with ulcers simply worsens the condition. If they suspect ulcers, patients need to undergo the necessary tests to diagnose the condition, explains US News.
Just a small fraction of people with gallstones require medical attention. A lot of people diagnosed with the condition only suffer from small pebbles made of bile salts and cholesterol, according to the Chicago Tribune. To cure the condition, doctors must remove the gallbladder, but this is only necessary if the stones affect the gallbladder, pancreas or liver. This occurs when stones get stuck when moving out of the gallbladder, blocking the passage of bile.