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What are some common types of tracheostomy tubes?

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Common types of tracheostomy tubes include cuffed tubes, cuffless tubes, fenestrated tubes and metallic tubes, states Johns Hopkins Medicine. Cuffed and cuffless tubes have a disposable or reusable inner cannula. Fenestrated tubes are either cuffed or cuffless.

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Full Answer

A tracheostomy tube has three parts: an external cannula with a neck plate, an internal cannula and an obturator. The type of tube used depends on the patient's needs. Cuffed tubes provide a closed circuit for ventilation. Patients with tracheal problems or those ready for decannulation use cuffless tubes. Patients who cannot bear a speaking valve use fenestrated tubes. As of 2015, metallic tubes are no longer in frequent use, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine.

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