What Are Some Common Types of Tracheostomy Tubes?


Quick Answer

Common types of tracheostomy tubes include cuffed tubes, cuffless tubes, fenestrated tubes and metallic tubes, states Johns Hopkins Medicine. Cuffed and cuffless tubes have a disposable or reusable inner cannula. Fenestrated tubes are either cuffed or cuffless.

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Full Answer

A tracheostomy tube has three parts: an external cannula with a neck plate, an internal cannula and an obturator. The type of tube used depends on the patient's needs. Cuffed tubes provide a closed circuit for ventilation. Patients with tracheal problems or those ready for decannulation use cuffless tubes. Patients who cannot bear a speaking valve use fenestrated tubes. As of 2015, metallic tubes are no longer in frequent use, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine.

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