What Are Some Common Types of Knee Problems?


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Arthritis, chondromalacia and cruciate ligament injuries form some of the most common types of knee problems, according to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. The knee consists of several structures involved in stability and motion. These include bones, muscles, ligaments and tendons. These structures are prone to injury and disease.

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Osteoarthritis of the knee affects both the young and the old, states WebMD. However, the condition is most common in females over the age of 45. This condition is a result of genes, injuries to the knee joint, obesity or infection. The condition occurs due to loss of cartilage between the bones that form the knee joint. This results in pain, stiffness, swelling and decreased range of motion.

Chondromalacia patella arises due to overuse of the knee joint, explains Mayo Clinic. Injury to the knee can also lead to this condition. The condition manifests by pain that intensifies when moving up or down stairs. Adequate rest, physical therapy and application of an ice pack represent some of the treatment options for this condition.

The knee contains the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments, explains Patient. Both these ligaments control forward and backward movement at the knee joint. The main cause of injury to this ligament is a direct blow to the knee area. Symptoms include swelling, pain and limited range of motion.

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