Antiretroviral therapy is one of the most common forms of HIV treatment, according to WebMD. Antiretroviral therapy involves taking a variety of drugs that control the symptoms of HIV. Most health care professionals use at least three medicines to counteract the infection.
Six classes of drugs, including 25 different types of medication, are available to combine into antiretroviral therapy, notes AIDS.gov. Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, protease inhibitors, fusion inhibitors, CCR5 antagonists and integrase strand transfer inhibitors are the six drug classes. Patients with HIV must work with their doctors to find the combinations of drugs that fit their lifestyles.