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What are some common treatments for spinal subluxation?

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Common treatments for spinal subluxation include chiropractic spinal adjustments as well as exercise, stretching, ice and pain relievers, according to Back to Life Chiropractic and Wellness and the Laser Spine Institute. If months of conservative treatment fail to provide relief from chronic pain, surgeons can perform traditional open spinal fusion procedures or offer minimally invasive options. Cervical spine subluxation treatments include cervical immobilization with a cervical collar, and surgery, according to Merck Manual.

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Using their hands, chiropractors apply pressure and force to specific locations of the spine to adjust the vertebrae, explains Back to Life Chiropractic and Wellness. Chiropractors may use instruments occasionally to locate dislocations and make adjustments. The adjustments are usually painless, but patients with trauma-related inflammation may feel some discomfort.

Trauma such as a high-speed vehicle collision can cause spinal subluxation, explains Merck Manual. When the spine is partially dislocated, patients may need to undergo surgery to achieve spine stability. When the first and second cervical vertebrae become misaligned due to neck flexion, doctors call the condition atlantoaxial subluxation. Severe trauma can cause atlantoaxial subluxation, but it can happen without trauma in ankylosing spondylitis patients and patients with rheumatoid arthritis or juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.

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