Common treatments for sigmoid colitis include over-the-counter anti-diarrhea medications such as Imodium, prescription medications like aminosalicylates, steroids or other drugs that decrease immune responses, and changes in diet, states WebMD. Severe cases may require surgical removal of part of the colon. This surgery also prevents colon cancer.
Sigmoid colitis is ulcerative colitis in the lower colon and rectum. It is an inflammatory bowel disease that occurs when the immune system overreacts to bacteria in the digestive tract. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, cramping or bloating, weight loss, diarrhea, blood in bowel movements, urgent bowel movement needs, chills, fever or vomiting, according to Healthline. While ulcerative colitis can affect people of any age, it is most likely to develop between the ages of 15 and 30 or in those over 60, notes the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.