Retinal hole treatments include laser surgery and freezing, according to Mayo Clinic. Typically, these outpatient treatment methods are suitable before retinal holes progress to detachment.
Laser surgery, also known as photocoagulation, involves projecting a laser beam directly onto the retinal hole, allowing the beam to burn the hole area and leave a scar, which attaches the retina to the underlying tissue, states Mayo Clinic. Retinal hold freezing involves the doctor applying a freezing probe over the eye's outer surface and to freeze the hole area to create a scar, which attaches the retina to the eye wall. Before deciding on a suitable treatment, patients should discuss the risks and benefits with a doctor.