Treatment for fluid on the brain, or hydrocephalus, involves draining the fluid and redirecting its flow away from the brain, according to Healthline. Recovery from the condition varies depending on the severity of the symptoms and how much damage is present. Children with the condition often suffer lifelong effects from the resulting brain damage and need ongoing therapy, special education and medical treatment. Adults may also require occupational therapy or even long-term care.
Treatment for hydrocephalus cannot reverse existing brain damage; however, it can prevent further damage from occurring. In most cases, doctors insert a long tube with a valve, or shunt, into the brain to assist with drainage of the fluid, reports Healthline. Shunt placement is permanent and requires lifelong monitoring. In other cases, doctors perform a ventriculostomy, making drainage holes in the ventricles to relieve the fluid buildup.
To lower the risk of developing hydrocephalus, people should use safety gear to prevent head injuries during physical activity and use seat belts while driving, advises Healthline. Vaccinations and prompt medical care for infections and other illnesses that can cause hydrocephalus are also important steps to reduce risk. Pregnant women should obtain regular prenatal care to avoid premature labor, which is a common cause of hydrocephalus.