The most common treatment for mycoplasma infections in humans is the administration of antibiotic medications, along with other treatments depending on the site of the infection, explains Human Diseases and Conditions. Common sites for mycoplasma infections include the lungs and the genital region. Mycoplasma infection in the lungs can result in pneumonia, which in severe cases can also require hospitalization and supplemental oxygen treatment.
Pneumonia caused by mycoplasma bacteria is not usually severe, and often resolves without treatment in milder cases, says Human Diseases and Conditions. Symptoms usually last between one and four weeks. Infections in elderly adults are the most likely to cause a dangerous condition or lead to complications. In rare cases, mycoplasma pneumonia can spread to infect the membrane around the heart or the nervous system. It can also occasionally cause anemia.
Mycoplasma infections in the genital region can affect both the urethra and the vagina, explains Human Diseases and Conditions. These infections usually respond to treatment within two weeks, but they often return later. A genital infection of mycoplasma bacteria often causes no symptoms. When symptoms are present, they include difficulty urinating, painful urination and unusual discharge from the urethra. Mycoplasma infections in the vagina can leave it more open to other types of infection, resulting in vaginitis.