Home treatments for hot flashes caused by menopause include maintaining a cool environment, avoiding hot and spicy foods, relaxing, quitting smoking, and losing weight. Estrogen hormone treatments as well as antidepressants and anti-seizure drugs may also help reduce hot flashes, according to Mayo Clinic.
Hot flashes are commonly triggered by small increases in the core body temperature. It is helpful to dress in layers so that clothing is easy to remove when feelings of warmth arise, as Mayo Clinic advises. Lowering the room temperature with a fan, open windows or an air conditioning unit can also prove beneficial. If a hot flash is about to start, sipping a cold drink sometimes helps.
In addition to hot and spicy foods, caffeinated drinks and alcohol also trigger hot flashes. Relaxation techniques such as meditation and deep breathing help relieve mild hot flashes in some women, as Mayo Clinic reports. These practices may also reduce sleep disturbances that are associated with menopause. Smoking is known to increase the frequency of hot flashes, and in addition to reducing hot flashes quitting smoking decreases the risk for developing other health complications, such as heart disease and cancer.
Taking estrogen hormone supplements is one of the most effective treatments for hot flashes. However, this treatment increases the risk for developing other health problems, as Mayo Clinic warns.