As of March 2015, both wet and dry macular degeneration have no treatments available to actually cure the conditions, as stated by WebMD. Instead, for dry macular degeneration, treatment is mainly focused on helping a person use what is remaining of their vision, for example, by using magnifying lenses to see clearly. Wet macular degeneration can be managed by a medication called anti-VEGF, which is aimed at preventing the advancement of the condition.
It is usually hard to prevent macular degeneration because it is not yet known what causes it, as stated by WebMD. This risk of getting this condition depends on age and whether a person has a family history of this condition. However, it is possible to reduce the advancement of this condition by taking several measures. These include quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet, reducing alcohol consumption, maintaining a healthy weight and putting on ultraviolet light-absorbing glasses when outside for long periods.
Macular degeneration is a painless eye condition that is characterized by deterioration of the retina leading to poor vision, as stated by American Macular Degeneration Foundation. The central vision is usually mostly affected leading to symptoms, such as difficulty in recognizing faces of people, difficulty in reading and seeing less vibrant colors. This condition affects both eyes but the rate of development may be different. It commonly affects people who are age 55 and above.