Common treatments for acute lower back pain, known as lumbago, include applying heat or ice, avoiding too much rest and taking pain medication, explains WebMD. In addition to spinal manipulation, chronic lumbago may be treated with acupuncture, biofeedback, cognitive-behavioral therapy, massage and comprehensive rehabilitation programs.
Acute lower back pain is defined as discomfort lasting for less than three months. While most patients get better with home treatment, doctors may recommend short-term use of opiate painkillers or muscle relaxants for relief from extreme pain, states WebMD. Since chronic lumbago refers to pain that has persisted for longer periods, it typically requires more intensive treatment.
The most common causes of lumbago include injury and overuse, pressure on nerve roots resulting from a herniated disk or spinal stenosis, and osteoarthritis, according to WebMD.