Common treatments for leiomyomas, or uterine fibroids include myomectomy, hysterectomy and laparoscopic myolysis, according to the National Institutes of Health and the Mayo Clinic. Uterine artery embolization is also a treatment for fibroids, according to the National Women's Health Network.
Myomectomy is the surgical removal of fibroids, states the Mayo Clinic. Hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus, says MedicineNet. This treatment cures fibroids, but it also prevents a woman from bearing children. There are several types of hysterectomies. In a total abdominal hysterectomy, the uterus and the cervix, or neck of the uterus, are removed through an incision in the abdomen. This type of hysterectomy is used when the fibroids are large.
Laparoscopic myolysis is a procedure that destroys the fibroids nonsurgically, according to the National Women's Health Network. During this treatment, the doctor uses laser or electricity delivered through a needle to shrink the blood vessels that feed the fibroids. This eventually kills them. Cryomyolysis is a version of this procedure that uses freezing instead of burning. However, myolysis also ends a woman's fertility, as her weakened uterus can no longer sustain a pregnancy.
Uterine artery embolization cuts off the blood supply to the fibroids, says the National Women's Health Network. Because of this, the fibroids degenerate. Uterine artery embolization is a good procedure for fibroids that cause excessive bleeding or pain.