Treatment for kidney disease focuses on preventing and slowing further damage to the patient's kidneys, which is accomplished by controlling the underlying conditions that caused the kidney damage, according to WebMD. Conditions that cause kidney disease may include diabetes, high blood pressure or obstruction in the urinary tract.
When a patient is diagnosed with kidney disease, physicians work to control the progression of diseases causing kidney damage. They do this by monitoring and controlling blood sugar levels within diabetes, or working to keep blood pressure within a target range, explains WebMD. When kidney disease is a result of the long term use of medication, doctors create a treatment plan to prevent further damage or obstructions.
Medication for the disease causing kidney damage may include ACE inhibitors to control blood pressure, or insulin to control diabetes, according to WebMD. Patients with kidney damage can also adopt an eating plan developed by a dietitian, one that determines an appropriate amount of protein, fluids and sodium intake. Substances such as illegal drugs, tobacco and alcohol are discouraged, as these can further harm the kidneys. An exercise program can also help alleviate further damage to kidneys and help control high blood pressure and diabetes.