Treatment for heart pain depends upon the underlying cause. Some of the most common treatments for heart pain include medications, such as artery relaxers, blood thinners, acid-suppressants or clot-busting drugs. Other treatments for heart pain include surgery, balloons and stents, dissection repair and lung re-inflation, according to Mayo Clinic.
Artery relaxers, such as nitroglycerin, can help blood to flow more easily through narrowed arteries. Blood pressure medications work in a similar way and can also reduce heart pain caused by blood constriction, according to Mayo Clinic. Similarly, clot-busting and blood-thinning drugs can help dissolve blood clots preventing blood from reaching the heart. If stomach acid moving into the esophagus is the cause of the chest pain, acid-suppressing medications may be useful for reducing stomach acid levels.
If chest pain is a result of a blocked artery, a doctor may remove the blockage by opening a balloon within the artery, and in some cases a stent is utilized to keep the artery open. As a more invasive procedure, bypass surgery involves taking a piece of blood vessel from another part of the body and creating an alternative route for blood to flow, according to Mayo Clinic. Surgery may also be required to repair aortic dissection, a life-threatening condition that can cause heart pain. If chest pain is due a collapsed lung, a physician inserts a chest tube into the chest to re-inflate the lung.