The most common treatments for gout involve medicine. The specific medicine depends on the patient's current health and personal preferences. Medications not only treat existing outbreaks but also prevent them from happening in the future, according to Mayo Clinic.
For people going through an ongoing gout attack, the most common medical treatments include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, colchicine and corticosteroids. NSAIDs include such over-the-counter choices as Aleve and Advil or Motrin, as well as such prescriptions as Celebrex and Indocin. The risks associated with the continued use of these medicines include ulcers, bleeding and abdominal pain, notes Mayo Clinic.
Colchicine is a pain reliever that fights the discomfort of gout. However, it also comes with such unpleasant side effects as diarrhea, vomiting and nausea. Corticosteroids such as prednisone can also control the pain and swelling that accompany gout. These medicines are available as a pill or an injection right into the affected joint. Generally, the only gout patients who receive corticosteroids cannot take colchicine or NSAIDs as the side effects include elevated blood pressure and blood glucose as well as mood alterations, states Mayo Clinic.
For gout prevention, medications that improve the removal of uric acid from the body, such as probenecid, and that hinder the production of uric acid, such as xanthine oxidase inhibitors, are common prescriptions. The goal with these medications is to keep excess uric acid from elevating the risk of gout, as stated by Mayo Clinic.