Common treatment options for gastroparesis include diet changes, medications and surgery, according to Mayo Clinic. In severe cases, the patient may need a feeding tube until his condition improves, explains Healthline.
If the underlying cause of gastroparesis is diabetes, the doctor works with the patient to control it, states Healthline.
The patient may have to consult with a dietician to find foods that he can digest easily, advises Mayo Clinic. The dietician may advise the patient to consume small meals, to chew food thoroughly, to avoid fibrous fruits and vegetables and to eat a low-fat diet. The dietician may advice the patient to avoid carbonated drinks and to drink lots of water.
Medications used to treat gastroparesis include those that stimulate the stomach muscles and those that control nausea and vomiting, according to Mayo Clinic. Medications that stimulate the stomach muscles include metoclopramide and erythromycin. Medications that control nausea include Compro, Benadryl and Zofran.
Doctors may recommend stomach stapling or a stomach bypass procedure to help the stomach empty more effectively, reports Healthline. The doctor may also recommend endoscopic procedures to treat the gastroparesis, explains John Hopkins Medicine. This includes decompressive gastronomy, in which the doctor places a gastronomy tube into the stomach to help it drain and to reduce nausea and vomiting. Another option is jejunostomy, in which doctors insert a feeding tube through the abdomen into the small intestines. This bypasses the stomach and allows the small intestines to get nutrients directly.