The treatment prescribed for dizziness depends on the underlying cause of the symptom, according to Mayo Clinic. Treatment options range from medications to balance-retraining exercises.
Inner ear problems, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, vestibular migraines, Meniere's disease and anxiety disorders are some of the conditions that cause dizziness, states Mayo Clinic. For people with inner ear problems, medications such as dimenhydrinate and meclizine provide immediate relief of dizziness and nausea caused by loss of balance. People with labyrinthitis or acute vestibular neuronitis may need to participate in balance-retraining exercises.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, or BPPV, is treated with canalith repositioning, a technique involving manual maneuvers of the head, explains Mayo Clinic. This technique typically resolves the symptoms of BPPV after one or two treatments. People with vestibular migraines need to avoid the foods and lifestyle habits that trigger their attacks. Changes in sleeping, diet and exercise routines may be required. Vestibular rehabilitation can help relieve dizziness and other symptoms of vestibular migraines by reducing sensitivity to motion.
People with Meniere's disease often take diuretics to eliminate excess fluid from the body, states Mayo Clinic. Some people with the disease need to have injections or surgery to relieve dizziness and other symptoms. For dizziness caused by anxiety disorders, anti-anxiety medications and psychotherapy are helpful.