Common treatments for Clostridium difficile colitis, or C. difficile, involve having the patient stop taking the antibiotic that caused the condition and prescribing other antibiotics, advises Mayo Clinic. In recurrent cases, doctors may recommend the use of probiotics, a fecal microbiota transplant and/or surgery to remove part of the colon.
C. difficile bacteria are present in the digestive system normally, but beneficial bacteria keep them in check, explains Mayo Clinic. An individual taking antibiotics risks disrupting the balance between the C. difficile bacteria and the beneficial bacteria, allowing the C. difficile bacteria to produce toxins that attack the lining of the intestines. Diarrhea, cramping, fever, dehydration and possible kidney failure may ensue.
Stopping taking the antibiotic that brought on the condition is sometimes sufficient to alleviate symptoms, states MedicineNet. Most patients require antibiotics, such as metronidazole and/or vancomycin. Transplanting stool from a healthy donor into the C. difficile patient in a fecal microbiota transplant is an emerging treatment that is over 90 percent effective, notes Mayo Clinic.